State Exterior Quarantine

A quarantine is established against the following pest, its hosts and possible carriers:

A. Pest. The pest is a pathogen, a non-cultivable mollicute (formerly called a mycoplasma-like organism), which causes lethal yellowing of palm in Florida and Texas.

B. Areas Under Quarantine.

1. Florida. The counties of Broward, Collier, Dade, Hendry, Lee, Martin, Monroe, and Palm Beach.

2. Texas. The counties of Cameron, Hidalgo, and Willacy.

C. Articles and Commodities Covered. Susceptible palm trees, screw pine, and hosts of Myndus crudus (the vector of lethal yellowing of palm), and all parts capable of propagation, except seed, are the articles and commodities covered. The following species of palm and screw pine are considered susceptible and the following grasses and sedges may host Myndus crudus:

1. Aiphanes lindeniana

2. Allagoptera arenaria

3. Andropogon virginicus, broomsedge

4. Arenga engleri

5. Arikuryroba schizophylla, Arikury palm

6. Borassus flabellifer, Palmyra palm

7. Caryota mitis, Cluster fishtail palm

8. Chrysalidocarpus cabadae, Cabada palm (=Dypsis cabadae)

9. Cocos nucifera, Coconut palm

10. Corypha elata, Buri palm

11. Cynodon dactylon, bermudagrass

12. Cyperus spp., sedges

13. Dictyosperma album, Princess palm

14. Eremochloa ophiuroides, centipedegrass

15. Gaussia attenuata, Puerto Rican gaussia

16. Howea belmoreana, Belmore sentry palm

17. Hyophorbe verschaffeltii [Mascarena v.], Spindle palm

18. Latania sp., Latan palm

19. Livistona chinensis, Chinese fan palm

20. Livistona rotundifolia

21. Nannorrhops ritchiana, Mazari palm

22. Panicum purpurascens, paragrass

23. Panicum bartowense

24. Pandanus utilis, screw pine

25. Paspalum notatum, bahiagrass

26. Neodypsis decaryi, Triangle palm (=Dypsis decaryi)

27. Phoenix canariensis, Canary Island date palm

28. Phoenix dactylifera, Date palm

29. Phoenix reclinata, Senegal date palm

30. Phoenix sylvestris, Wild date palm

31. Pritchardia spp.

32. Ravenea hildebrandtii

33. Setaria spp., foxtail

34. Stenotaphrum secundatum, St. Augustine grass

35. Syagrus schizophylla

36. Trachycarpus fortunei, Japanese fan palm

37. Veitchia spp.

D. Restrictions.

1. Prohibited. All articles and commodities covered, listed in (C) above, are prohibited entry into California when grown in or shipped from the areas under quarantine. Grasses and sedges covered may be admissible if each shipment is accompanied by an official certificate evidencing treatment for Myndus crudus, as indicated in (D.2), below.

2. Certificate of Treatment. Grasses and sedges covered may be shipped to California from the area under quarantine subject to prior approval by the Secretary of the method of treatment to be used. Each shipment must be accompanied by an official certificate issued by and bearing an original or facsimile signature of an authorized agricultural official of the state of origin indicating the method of treatment, quantity of commodity covered, identification or license number of carrier, and the names and addresses of the shipper and consignee.

Appendix A   04/21/14

The following susceptible palms may be labeled under either of two names:

Chrysalidocarpus cabadae, Cabada palm (=Dypsis cabadae)
Neodypsis decaryi, Triangle palm (=Dypsis decaryi)


Additional susceptible palm species:
Scientific Name:          Common Name:


Bismarckia sp.              Bismarck Palm

Caryota rumphiana       Giant Fishtail Palm

Chelyocarpus chuco

Phoenix rupicola           Cliff Date Palm

Wodyetia bifurcate        Foxtail Palm