PEACH ROSETTE DISEASE
State Exterior Quarantine
A quarantine is established against the following pest, its hosts and possible carriers:
A. Pest. The pathogen which causes peach rosette disease. The pathogen is a mycoplasma-like organism.
B. Area Under Quarantine. The entire States of Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia.
C. Articles and Commodities Covered. Trees and all parts capable of propagation (budsticks, scions, rootstocks, etc.), except seed (fruit pits) of all species of the genus Prunus are declared hosts and possible carriers, except the evergreen species: P. caroliniana, American cherry laurel, Carolina cherry laurel; P. ilicifolia, holly-leaf cherry, California cherry; P. laurocerasus, cherry laurel, English laurel; P. lusitanica, Portugal laurel; P. lyonii, Catalina cherry.
D. Restrictions. All articles and commodities covered are prohibited entry into California from the area under quarantine except as provided in (2) below.
1. Symptomless Carriers Prohibited. Trees and all parts capable of propagation, except seed, of the 'Wilson' cultivar of apricot (P. armeniaca) and Marianna plums (P. cerasifera x P. munsoniana), and any tree budded or grafted on Marianna plum understock, are declared symptomless carriers and prohibited entry.
2. Nursery Stock. Nursery stock of the restricted Prunus species [other than symptomless carriers, or stock budded onto symptomless carriers, as stated in paragraph (1) above] is permitted entry provided:
a. Each species and variety is properly labeled as to scientific name and state of origin; and
b. Each lot or shipment is accompanied by an origin certificate issued by an authorized official of the origin state Department of Agriculture verifying that the stock met all requirements for certification as prescribed by the director.
Certificates may be issued under the following conditions:
1. Origin certificates may be issued after competent and adequate surveys have been made by the origin state Department of Food and Agriculture or the United States Department of Agriculture at the proper time in relation to the disease and hosts. No peach rosette disease shall have been found during the last two growing seasons previous to digging the trees or taking the buds either on or within one mile of the growing grounds or bud source properties.
2. No certificates shall be issued for movement of host trees to this State if during the period of their production there has existed on the growing grounds any Wilson apricot or Marianna plum tree or any other tree growing on Marianna plum understock, nor if during the last two growing seasons previous to digging the trees or taking the buds any Wilson apricot or Marianna plum tree has existed within one mile of the growing grounds or bud source properties.
3. Seedling trees or trees budded on admissible rootstocks which are grown from seed and shipped in one growing season, may be certified provided any budwood used in the production of such trees meets all conditions in (1) and (2) of this paragraph and no peach rosette disease has occurred during the growing season either on or within one mile of the growing ground property.
4. Certificates may be issued for reshipments of dormant host trees and propagative parts which have been produced outside of the area under quarantine and have remained dormant while within the area. Certificates shall set forth the name of the state where produced and shall state that the trees and propagative parts remained dormant while within the area under quarantine.