3252. CARIBBEAN FRUIT FLY 

State Exterior Quarantine

A quarantine is established against the following pest, its hosts, and possible carriers.

A. Pest. Caribbean fruit fly, Anastrepha suspensa, of the family Tephritidae is, in the adult state, a yellowish-brown fly from one and a half to two times the size of a housefly. This insect is a serious pest of many kinds of fruit.

B. Area Under Quarantine. The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and all the State of Florida south of and including Hernando, Sumter, Lake, and Volusia counties.

C. Articles and Commodities Covered.

   (Additional Hosts, See Appendix I)

1. The fruit or berries of all plants listed below are declared to be hosts and possible carriers of the Caribbean fruit fly.

Common Name Botanical Name

Akee

Blighia sapida

Allspice

Pimenta dioica

Apple

Malus sylvestris

Avocado - except commercial fruit

Persea americana

Barbados Cherry

Malpighia glabra

Bell Pepper - except commercial fruit

Capsicum frutescens

Blackberry

Rubus hybrid

Box Orange

Severinia buxifolia

Calabur

Muntingia calabura

Calamondin

X Citrofortunella mitis

Carambola

Averrhoa carambola

Ceylon Gooseberry

Dovyalis hebecarpa

Cherry of the Rio Grande

Eugenia aggregata

Cocoplum

Chrysolbalanus icaco

Egg Fruit

Pouteria campechiana

Fig

Ficus carica

Governor's Plum

Flacourtia indica

Grapefruit

Citrus paradisi

Grumichama

Eugenia brasiliensis

Guava (all)

Psidium spp.

Guiana Plum

Drypetes lateriflora

Imbe

Garcinia livingstonei

Jaboticaba

Myrciaria cauliflora

Jambolan Plum

Syzygium cumini

Japanese Pear

Pyrus pyrifolia

Japanese Persimmon

Diospyros kaki

Java Apple

Syzygium samarangense

Kei Apple

Dovyalis caffra

Kieffer Pear

Pyrus pyrifolia X Pyrus communis

Kiwi

Actinidia chinensis

Kumquat

Fortunella crassifolia

Kumquat (oval)

Fortunella margarita

Lime

Citrus aurantifolia

Limeberry

Triphasia trifolia

Limequat

X Citrofortunella floridana

Longan - except commercial fruit

Dimocarpus longan

Loquat

Eriobotrya japonica

 Lychee - except commercial fruit 

Litchi chinensis

Mango

Mangifera indica

Miracle Fruit

Synsepalum dulcificum

Natal Plum

Carissa grandiflora

Nectarine

Prunus persica

Orange Jasmine

Murraya paniculata

Jack Orangequat

Citrus nobilis 'unshu' x Fortunellasp.

Otaheite Apple

Spondias dulcis (=S. cytherea)

Papaya

Carica papaya

Peach

Prunus persica

Pear

Pyrus communis

Pitomba

Eugenia luschnathiana

Pomegranate

Punica granatum

Pond Apple

Annona glabra

Rangpur Lime

Citrus limonia

Rose Apple

Syzygium jambos

Sapodilla

Manilkara zapota

Sour Orange

Citrus aurantium

Sugar Apple

Annona squamosa

Surinam Cherry

Eugenia uniflora

Sweet Lemon

Citrus limetta

Sweet Orange

Citrus sinensis

Tangelo

Citrus paradisi X Citrus reticulata

Tangerine

Citrus reticulata Blanco

Temple Orange

Citrus sinensis X Citrus reticulata

Tomato - except commercial fruit

Lycopersicon esculentum(L. lycopersicum)

Tropical Almond

Terminalia catappa

Velvet Apple or Velvet Persimmon

Diospyros blancoi

Wampi

Clausena lansium

White Sapote

Casimiroa edulis

Wild Balsam Apple

Momordica charantia

Wild Cinnamon

Canella winteriana

Wild Dilly

Manilkara jaimiqui ssp. emarginata

 

Annona hybrid

 

Atalantia citriodes

 

Eugenia coronata

 

Eugenia ligustrina

 

Ficus altissima

 

Garcinia xanthochymus

 

Manilkara roxburghiana

 

Myrcianthes fragrans

 

Myrciaria glomerata

 

Pseudanamomis umbellulifera

 

Rheedia aristata

 

Terminalia muelleri

 

Trevisia palmata

 

 

2. Soil or planting media within the drip area of plants producing, or which have produced, fruit of the plants listed in (1) above.

3. Exemptions. The following are exempt from provisions of this regulation: (A) Green sour lime fruit which shows no yellow coloring. (B) Lemons regardless of color.

D. Restrictions. Articles and commodities covered are prohibited entry into California from the area under quarantine, except as provided below:

1. Articles and Commodities Covered Admissible When Treated at Origin. Articles and commodities covered are admissible into California from the area under quarantine provided each lot or shipment is accompanied by a certificate issued by an authorized representative of the origin State Department of Agriculture or the United States Department of Agriculture affirming that the lot or shipment was treated for Caribbean fruit fly, prior to shipment and under supervision of the origin State Department of Agriculture or the United States Department of Agriculture, in a manner approved by the Secretary of the Department of Food and Agriculture and was not exposed to reinfestation by the fly.

 

CARIBBEAN FRUIT FLY FLORIDA INFESTED COUNTIES

APPENDIX  A                 08-02-80
 

Brevard

Manatee

Broward

Martin

Charlotte

Monroe

Collier

Okeeochobee

Dade

Orange

De Soto

Osceola

Glades

Palm Beach

Hardee

Pasco

Henry

Pinellas

Hernando

Polk

Highlands

Saint Lucie

Hillsborough

Sarasota

Indian River

Seminole

Lake

Sumter

Lee

Volusia

 

GUAVA, MANGO, AND PAPAYA

APPENDIX  B  08-11-80

Florida officials notified us that all commercial guava, mango, and papaya fruit originating in Florida would be grown in the Caribbean fruit fly infested southern part of the state. This material should be rejected unless certified treated. An exception could be backyard grown fruit that the owner asserts originated from a noninfested county or green mangoes (see APPENDIX G).

 

MASTER PERMIT FOR THE SHIPMENT OF CITRUS FRUIT TO CALIFORNIA FROM FLORIDA

APPENDIX  C  01-30-15

 

Master Permit No. QC 222 has been reissued to the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) to authorize Florida businesses to ship citrus fruit (grapefruits, oranges, tangelos, and tangerines only), grown in Florida in areas certified free of Caribbean fruit fly, shipped to California without fumigation or cold treatment.

Certification:  An additional declaration shall be placed on the phytosanitary certificate or USDA Fruit and Vegetable Citrus Certificate stating:  “Meets the requirements of California Master Permit No. QC 222.”  The certificate must also contain the designated Caribbean Fruit Fly area numbers.  The certificate shall have the numbers of boxes of fruit from each designated area included in the shipment as well as the name of the approved shipper and the shipper’s assigned identification number.

Standard boxes:  Caribbean Fruit Fly certification with the term “designated area” and a corresponding number shall appear on the top surface of the carton.

Gift Pack Shipments: Must meet all of the following requirements.

a.     Gift packs containing Florida origin citrus must be accompanied (on the box or the accompanying paperwork) by a Federal Shield or other USDA approved stamp/sticker indicating the citrus fruit is certified for applicable federal quarantines.

 

b.     Each carton must be marked indicating the fruit “Meets the requirements of California Master Permit No. QC 222” and that it must be held for inspection.

 

c.     Each shipper must appear on the Master Permit No. QC 222 Approved Gift Pack Shippers List (available on the PHPPS Extranet site under Quarantine Commodity Permits).

 

TREATMENTS

APPENDIX D                03-07-17

 

COLD TREATMENTS

 

Quarantine cold treatments for certain commodities are acceptable.  Cold treatment schedules are found in the USDA Treatment Manual.  Acceptable cold treatment schedules are T107-a-1 and T107-c, and are summarized as follows:

 

T107-a-1

Apple, cherry, kiwi, nectarine, peach, pear, plum, pomegranate             

           34 °F (1.11 °C) or below 15 days

           35 °F (1.67 °C) or below 17 days

 

T107-c

Apple, carambola, cherry, pomegranate              

           32 °F (0 °C) or below 11 days

           33 °F (.56 °C) or below 13 days

           34 °F (1.11 °C) or below 15 days

           35 °F (1.67 °C) or below 17 days

 

IRRADIATION TREATMENT

 

The approved irradiation schedule is found in the USDA Treatment Manual. The acceptable irradiation treatment schedule for Caribbean Fruit Fly host material is:

 

T105, Table 5-2-4 (IR@70Gy minimum)

 

FUMIGATION TREATMENT

 

Carambola:  Methyl bromide fumigation treatment for carambola only.  The acceptable treatment schedule for Caribbean fruit fly (carambola only) is:

 

40 g/m3 for 2 h (temperature 23 ± laC)

 

Note:  The treatment reduces shelf life by 24-30% and 10ppb residues were not detected after 2 hours at 23C.

 

Phytosanitary certificates for the above listed commodities must state an acceptable quarantine treatment temperature/time duration in the certificate treatment section.

 

Citrus:  For citrus fruit (grapefruits, oranges, tangelos, and tangerines only), grown in Florida in areas not certified free of Caribbean fruit fly, California will accept methyl bromide fumigation treatment at a minimum rate of 2.5 lbs./1000 cubic ft. for 2 hours at 70° F and above. Also, as per the guidance in the federal treatment manual, the lot of Citrus sp. shall only be eligible for fumigation if a representative sample of the fruit is inspected and the level of fruit infested with fruit flies is less than 0.5% for the lot.

 

DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL FRUIT

APPENDIX  E            12-12-96

Commercial fruit means that fruit which has been commercially produced, cleaned, sorted and packed. The foregoing results in fruit that is free of splits or cracks, among other things, and thus without risk of harboring Caribbean fruit fly.

 

MAMEY COLORADO

APPENDIX F             04-21-99

Mamey colorado, Pouteria sapota, (a.k.a. mamey sapote) fruit,  when certified as grown and harvested in Florida from commercial or backyard sources, is allowed into California.  Studies conducted by USDA's Agricultural Research Service have been interpreted as demonstrating that this fruit is not a host for Caribbean fruit fly in Florida.  

 

IMMATURE MANGOES

APPENDIX G                   04-22-03

Untreated, Florida-grown immature mangos are enterable into California during the period each year from April 15 through July 31, provided they meet the following criteria:

1. Mangos must have flesh that is white, cream, or very light yellow in color. Peel color will vary, and will not necessarily be green.

2. Mangos must be no more than two thirds the full normal size and weight of mature fruit.
3. The sides and shoulder of the fruit must not be fully developed (swollen).
4. The fruit must be accompanied a Florida phytosanitary certificate with the following additional declaration: "The immature mangos in this shipment were harvested prior to July 31 of the current year." 

 

 

APPROVED FLORIDA COMMERCIAL LITCHI & LONGAN SHIPPERS

APPENDIX H                   08-22-16

 

Growers/Packers/Shippers (Location)

 

 

      

AEG Trading Co. Chee “Max” Tun (Homestead)

Bee Heaven Farm, MJ and SM Pikarsky (Homestead)

Best Florida Produce (Miami)

    Brother Farm, Suhong Wu, (Homestead)

   Chen-Wan & Kwong Lung Chiu (Loxahatchee)

Cook’s Grove, Regis Cook (Miami)

Daniel J. Hodgman (Miami)

Double Green Farms, Mike Chow (Homestead)

Ely & Syphya Ham (Homestead)

Fresh King, Inc., Peter Schnebly (Homestead)

Global Organic Specialty Source (Sarasota)

Green Groves Farm (Homestead)

Green Groves Organic Farm (Homestead)

   J & C Tropicals, Nibaldo Capote, (Miami)

JLS Litchi Farm, Mean Saniny (Miami)

Kam Tai Farms, Choy Thay Chau (Homestead)

Keith Rowe (Homestead)

Khemara Farms (Homestead)

Laub Groves, Charles Laub (Homestead)

Leaf Farms (Princeton)

LNB Groves, Marc Ellenby (Homestead)

Lychee Fruit Store, Pete Jaschinski (Loxahatchee)

    New Asian Tropical Produce LLC, (Homestead)

New Limeco LLC (Princeton)

OK Farms, Gigi Lao (Homestead)

Perez Groves, Maria Perez (Miami)

Richard Quigley (Homestead)

Season’s Farm Fresh, Inc.(Homestead)

Steven Green (Homestead)

Sun Harvest Tropicals, LLC (Miami)

Sunshine Groves (Homestead)

Triple 8 Trading Intl Corp., Frederick Woo (Miami)

Tron Dawdon, Tron & Joe Dawson (Homestead)

Unity Groves (Homestead)

Vega Produce LLC, Angel Jaimes ( Doral, FL)

William B. Malaney (Homestead)

 

 

ADDITIONAL HOSTS

APPENDIX I                  10-29-15

 

The following are known hosts for Caribbean fruit fly and should be rejected under the authority of California FAC, Section 6461.5 unless treated as outlined in Section D.1. of this quarantine. Note: There are many common names for scientific names.  This list is not inclusive of all common names and common names should be verified. 

 

Common Name                Botanical Name

Ambarella                          Spondias cytherea

Apple                                   Malus domestica, Malus spp.

Atemoya                             Annona cherimola x A. squamosa

Autumn Maple Tree         Bischofia javanica

Balsam Apple                    Momordica balsamina

Bell Pepper, except          Capsicum annum

            commercial fruit

Birchberry                           Eugenia ligustrina

Brazil Cherry                      Eugenia dombeyi

Cabeluda                           Plinia glomerata

Citrus                                Citrus

Clementine                        Citrus reticulata

Custard Apple,                  Annona squamosa,

     Sugar Apple                      Annona reticulata

Date Palm                          Phoenix dactylifera

Garcinia aristata                Garcinia aristata

Garcinia                              Garcinia spp.

Hog Plum                           Spondias mombin

Jamboisier Rouge            Eugenia pyriformis Cambess. var. uvalha              

Kumquat                             Fortunella spp.

Kumquat (round)              Fortunella japonica

Kumquat, Meiwa               Fortunella x crassifolia

Malay Apple                       Syzygium lalaccense

Mandarin                            Citrus reticulata

Mangosteen                       Garcinia mangostana

Mombin, Purple                Spondias purpurea

Mombin                              Spondias spp.

Murraya                              Murraya spp.

Natal Plum                         Carissa macrocarpa

Orange                                Citrus sinensis

Panama Orange               Citrofortunella mitis

Paradise Apple                 Malus pumila

Persimmon                        Diospyros virginiana

Plum                                    Prunus domestica

Plum, Japanese                Prunus salicina

Pummelo                           Citrus maxima

Raspberry                           Rubus idaeus

Sapodilla                            Achras zapota

Satinleaf, Damson-          Chrysophyllum oliviforme

   plum

Sea-grape                          Coccoloba uvifera

Shaddock                           Citrus grandis

Snowflake Aralia              Trevesia palmata

Star Apple                          Chrysophyllum cainito

Syzygium                           Syzygium spp.

Triphasia                            Triphasia spp.

Wild Coffee                        Casearia hirsute

Wild Dilly                            Eugenia spp.