301.32   FRUIT FLY  

Federal Domestic Quarantine

        A.    Pest.  Fruit fly (fruit flies).  The melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett)), Mexican fruit fly (Anastrepha ludens (Loew)), Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann)), Oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)), peach fruit fly (Anastrepha zonata (Saunders)), sapote fruit fly (Anastrepha serpentina), or West Indian fruit fly (Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart)), or other species of insects found in the family Tephritidae, collectively.

B.    Area Under Quarantine.

        Current fruit fly quarantine areas are posted on the United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service website:

http://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/ourfocus/importexport?1dmy&urile=wcm%3apath%3a%2Faphis_content_library%2Fsa_our_focus%2Fsa_plant_health%2Fsa_domestic_pests_and_diseases%2Fsa_pests_and_diseases%2Fsa_insects%2Fsa_fruit_flies%2Fct_quarantine

 

C.            Regulated Articles.

       1.      In the following table, the berry, fruit, nut, or vegetable listed in each row in the   left column is a regulated article for each of the fruit fly species listed in that row in the right column, unless the article is canned, dried, or frozen below −17.8 °C (0 °F):

 

Botanical name

Common name(s)

Fruit fly

Abelmoschus esculentus = Hibiscus esculentus

Okra

Melon, Peach.

Acca sellowiana = Feijoa sellowiana

Pineapple guava

Mediterranean, Oriental, Peach.

Actinidia chinensis

Kiwi

Mediterranean.

Aegle marmelos

Indian bael

Peach.

Anacardium occidentale

Cashew

Oriental.

Annona cherimola

Cherimoya

Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Annona glabra

Pond-apple

Sapote.

Annona muricata

Soursop

Melon, Oriental, Peach.

Annona reticulata

Custard apple, Annona

Melon, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Annona squamosa

Custard apple

Peach.

Artocarpus altilis

Breadfruit

Oriental.

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Jackfruit

Oriental.

Averrhoa carambola

Carambola, Country gooseberry

Oriental, West Indian.

Benincasa hispida

Melon, Chinese

Melon.

Brassica juncea

Mustard, leaf

Melon.

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

Cauliflower

Melon.

Brosimum alicastrum

Ramón

West Indian.

Byrsonima crassifolia

Nance

Sapote.

Calophyllum inophyllum

Alexandrian-laurel, Laurel

Oriental.

Cananga odorata

Ylang-Ylang

Oriental.

Capsicum annum

Pepper, chili

Mediterranean, Melon, Oriental.

Capsicum frutescens

Pepper, tabasco

Mediterranean, Melon.

Capsicum frutescens abbreviatum

Oriental bush red pepper

Oriental.

Capsicum frutescens var. grossum

Pepper, sweet

Oriental.

Carica papaya

Papaya

Mediterranean, Melon, Oriental, Peach.

Carissa grandiflora

Natal plum

Oriental.

Carissa macrocarpa

Natal plum

Mediterranean.

Casimiroa edulis

Sapote, white

Mediterranean.

Casimiroa greggii = Sargentia greggii

Sargentia, yellow chapote

Mexican.

Casimiroa spp

Sapote

Mexican.

Cereus coerulescens

Cactus

Oriental.

Chrysophyllum cainito

Star apple

Oriental, Sapote.

Chrysophyllum oliviforme

Caimitillo

Oriental.

Citrofortunella japonica

Orange, calamondin

Peach.

Citrullus colocynthis

Colocynth

Melon.

Citrullus lanatus = Citrullus vulgaris

Watermelon

Melon, Peach.

Citrullus spp

Melon

Melon.

Citrus aurantiifolia

Lime

Mediterranean, Mexican1, Oriental, Peach.

Citrus aurantium

Orange, sour

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Citrus jambhiri

Lemon, Rough

Mediterranean.

Citrus latifolia

Lime, Persian

Oriental.

Citrus limon

Lemon

Mediterranean,2  Mexican,3 Oriental, Peach.

Citrus limon x reticulata

Lemon, Meyer

Mediterranean.

Citrus madurensis = x Citrofortunella mitis

Orange, Panama

Sapote.

Citrus maxima = Citrus grandis

Pummelo or Shaddock

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Citrus medica

Citrus citron

Mediterranean, Mexican, Peach.

Citrus paradisi

Grapefruit

Mediterranean, Melon, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Citrus reticulata

Mandarin orange, tangerine

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Citrus reticulata var. Unshu

Orange, Unshu

Mediterranean, Oriental.

 

Citrus reticulata x C. sinensis = Citrus nobilis

Orange, king

Mediterranean, Melon, Oriental, Peach.

Citrus reticulata x Fortunella

Orange, calamondin

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental.

Citrus sinensis

Orange, sweet

Mediterranean, Melon, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Citrus spp

Citrus

Sapote.

Clausena lansium

Wampi

Oriental.

Coccinia spp

Gourds

Melon, Peach.

Coccoloba uvifera

Seagrape

Oriental.

Coffea arabica

Coffee, Arabian

Oriental.

Cresentia spp

Gourds

Melon, Peach.

Cucumis melo and Cucumis melo var. Cantalupensis

Cantaloupe

Melon, Peach.

Cucumis melo var. conomon

Melon, oriental pickling

Melon.

Cucumis pubescens and Cucumis trigonus

Cucurbit

Melon.

Cucumis sativus

Cucumber

Melon, Oriental, Peach.

Cucumis utilissimus

Melon, long

Peach.

Cucurbita maxima

Squash

Melon.

Cucurbita moschata

Pumpkin, Canada

Melon.

Cucurbita pepo

Pumpkin

Melon.

Cydonia oblonga

Quince

Mexican, Mediterranean, Oriental, Peach, Sapote.

Cyphomandra betaceae

Tomato, tree

Melon.

Diospyros digyna

Black sapote

Sapote.

Diospyros discolor

Velvet apple

Oriental.

Diospyros khaki

Japanese persimmon

Mediterranean, Oriental.

Diospyros spp

Sapote

Sapote, West Indian.

Dovyalis hebecarpa

Kitembilla

Oriental, Sapote, West Indian.

Dracena draco

Dragon tree

Oriental.

Elaeocarpus angustifolius

Blue marbletree; New Guinea quandong

Peach.

Elaeocarpus grandiflorus

Lily of the valley tree

Peach.

Elaeocarpus madopetalus

Ma-kok-nam

Peach.

Eriobotrya japonica

Loquat

Mediterranean, Oriental, Peach, West Indian.

Eugenia brasiliensis = E. dombeyi

Brazil-cherry, grumichama

Mediterranean, Oriental, Peach.

Eugenia malaccensis

Malay apple

Oriental.

Eugenia uniflora

Surinam cherry

Mediterranean, Oriental, Peach.

Euphoria longan

Longan

Oriental.

Ficus benghalensis

Fig, Banyan

Peach.

Ficus carica

Fig

Mediterranean, Melon, Oriental, Peach.

Ficus macrophylla

Fig, Moreton Bay

Peach.

Ficus retusa

Fig, glossy leaf

Peach.

Ficus rubiginosa

Fig, Port Jackson

Peach.

Ficus spp

Fig

Peach.

Fortunella japonica

Chinese Orange, Kumquat

Mediterranean, Oriental, Peach.

Garcinia celebica

Gourka

Oriental.

Garcinia mangostana

Mangosteen

Oriental.

Grewia asiatica

Phalsa

Peach.

Jubaea chilensis = Jubaea spectabilis

Syrup palm

Oriental.

Juglans hindsii

Walnut

Oriental.

Juglans regia

Walnut, English

Oriental.

Juglans spp

Walnut with husk

Mediterranean.

Lablab purpureus subsp. purpureus = Dolichos lablab

Bean, hyacinth

Melon.

Lagenaria spp

Gourds

Melon, Peach.

Luffa acutangula

Gourd, ribbed or ridged, luffa

Peach.

Luffa aegyptiaca

Gourd, smooth luffa, sponge

Peach.

Luffa spp

Gourds

Melon, Peach.

Luffa vulgaris

Gourd

Peach.

Lychee chinensis

Lychee nut

Oriental.

Lycopersicon esculentum

Tomato

Mediterranean, 4 Melon, Oriental, Peach.

Madhuca indica = Bassia latifolia

Mahua, mowra-buttertree

Peach.

Malpighia glabra

Cherry, Barbados

Oriental, West Indian.

Malpighia punicifolia

West Indian cherry

Oriental.

Malus sylvestris

Apple

Mediterranean, Melon, Mexican, Oriental, Sapote, Peach.

Mammea americana

Mammy apple

Mexican, Oriental, Peach, Sapote.

Mangifera foetida

Mango, Bachang

Peach.

Mangifera indica

Mango

All.

Mangifera odorata

Kuine

Peach.

 

Manilkara hexandra

Sapodilla, balata

Peach.

 

Manilkara jaimiqui subsp. emarginata

Sapodilla, wild

Peach.

Manilkara zapota

Sapodilla, chiku

Oriental, Peach, Sapote, West Indian.

Mimusops elengi

Spanish cherry

Mediterranean, Oriental.

Momordica balsamina

Balsam apple, hawthorn

Peach.

Momordica charantia

Balsam pear, bitter melon

Peach.

Momordica cochinchinensis

Balsam apple, gac

Peach.

Momordica spp

Gourds

Melon, Peach.

Morus nigra

Mulberry

Oriental.

Murraya exotica

Mock orange

Mediterranean, Oriental.

Musa x paradisiaca = Musa paradisiaca subsp. sapientum

Banana

Oriental.

Musa acuminata = Musa nana

Banana, dwarf

Oriental.

Ochrosia elliptica

Orange, bourbon

Peach.

Olea europea

Olive

Mediterranean.

Opuntia ficus-indica = Opuntia megacantha

Prickly pear

Oriental.

Opuntia spp

Opuntia cactus

Mediterranean.

Passiflora edulis

Passionflower, passionfruit, yellow lilikoi

Melon, Oriental, West Indian.

Passiflora laurifolia

Lemon, water

Melon.

Passiflora ligularis

Granadilla, sweet

Oriental.

Passiflora quadrangularis

Granadilla, giant

West Indian.

Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima

Passionflower, softleaf

Oriental.

Persea americana

Avocado

Mediterranean, Melon, Mexican, Oriental, Peach, Sapote.

Phaseolus lunatus = Phaseolus limensis

Bean, lima

Melon.

Phaseolus vulgaris

Bean, mung

Melon.

Phoenix dactylifera

Date palm

Mediterranean, Melon, Oriental, Peach.

Planchonia careya = Careya arborea

Patana oak, kumbhi

Peach.

Pouteria caimito

Abiu

Sapote.

Pouteria campechiana

Eggfruit tree

Oriental, Sapote.

Pouteria obovata

Lucmo

Sapote.

Pouteria viridis

Sapote, green

Sapote.

Prunus americana

Plum, American

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Prunus armeniaca

Apricot

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Prunus avium

Sweet cherry

Mediterranean, Peach.

Prunus cerasus

Sour cherry

Mediterranean, Peach.

Prunus domestica

Plum, European

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Prunus dulcis = P. amygdalus

Almond with husk

Mediterranean, Peach5.

Prunus ilicifolia

Cherry, Catalina

Oriental, Peach.

Prunus lusitanica

Cherry, Portuguese

Oriental, Peach.

Prunus persica

Peach

All.

Prunus persica var. nectarine

Nectarine

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Prunus salicina

Japanese plum

Mediterranean, Mexican, Peach, West Indian.

Prunus salicina x Prunus cerasifera

Methley plum

Peach.

Psidium cattleianum

Strawberry guava, Cattley guava

Mediterranean, Melon, Oriental.

Psidium cattleianum var. cattleianum f. lucidum

Yellow strawberry guava

Peach.

Psidium cattleianum var. littorale

Red strawberry guava

Oriental, West Indian, Peach.

Psidium guajava

Guava

All.

Punica granatum

Pomegranate

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach.

Pyrus communis

Pear

All.

Pyrus pashia

Kaeuth

Peach.

Pyrus pyrifolia

Pear, sand

Peach.

Rhodomyrtus tomentosa

Myrtle, downy rose

Oriental.

Sandoricum koetjape

Santol

Oriental.

Santalum album

Sandalwood, white

Oriental.

Santalum paniculatum

Sandalwood

Oriental.

Sapotaceae

Sapota, Sapodilla

Mexican.

Sechium edule

Chayote

Melon.

Sesbania grandiflora

Scarlet wisteria tree

Melon.

Sicyes sp

Cucumber, bur

Melon.

Solanum aculeatissimum

Nightshade

Peach.

Solanum mauritianum = S. auriculatum

Tobacco, wild

Peach.

Solanum melongena

Eggplant

Mediterranean,6 Melon, Peach.

Solanum muricatum

Pepino

Oriental, Peach.

Solanum pseudocapsicum

Jerusalem cherry

Oriental, Peach.

Solanum seaforthianum

Nightshade, Brazilian

Peach.

Solanum verbascifolium

Nightshade, Mullein

Peach.

Spondias dulcis = Spondias cytherea

Otaheite apple, Jew plum

Oriental, West Indian.

Spondias mombin

Hog-plum

Sapote, West Indian.

Spondias purpurea

Red mombin

Sapote, West Indian.

Spondias spp

Spanish plum, purple mombin or Ciruela

Mexican.

Spondias tuberose

Imbu

Oriental.

Syzygium aquem

Water apple, watery roseapple

Peach.

Syzygium cumini

Java plum, jambolana

Peach.

Syzygium jambos = Eugenia jambos

Rose apple

Mediterranean, Mexican, Oriental, Peach, West Indian.

Syzygium malaccense = Eugenia malaccensis

Mountain apple, Malay apple

Mediterranean, Peach, West Indian.

Syzygium samarangense

Java apple

Peach.

Terminalia bellirica

Myrobalan, belleric

Peach.

Terminalia catappa

Tropical almond

Oriental, Peach.

Terminalia chebula

Myrobalan, black or chebulic

Mediterranean, Oriental, Peach.

Thevetia peruviana

Yellow oleander

Mediterranean, Oriental.

Trichosanthis spp

Gourds

Melon, Peach.

Vaccinium spp

Blueberry

Mediterranean.

Vigna unguiculata

Cowpea

Melon.

Vitis spp

Grapes

Mediterranean, Oriental.

Vitis trifolia

Grape

Melon.

Wikstroemia phillyreifolia

Akia

Oriental.

Ziziphus mauritiana

Chinese date, jujube

Peach.

 

1Sour limes are not regulated articles for Mexican fruit fly.

2 Only yellow lemons are regulated articles for Mediterranean fruit fly.

3Eureka, Lisbon, and Villa Franca cultivars (smooth-skinned sour lemon) are not regulated articles for Mexican fruit fly.

4Only pink and red ripe tomatoes are regulated articles for Mediterranean fruit fly.

5Harvested almonds with dried husks are not regulated articles for peach fruit fly.

6Commercially produced eggplants are not regulated articles for Mediterranean fruit fly.

 

  1. Plants of the following species in the family Curcurbitaceae are regulated articles for the melon fruit fly only:

Cantaloupe ( Cucumis melo )

Chayote ( Sechium edule )

Colocynth ( Citrullus colocynthis )

Cucumber ( Cucumis sativus )

Cucumber, bur ( Sicyes spp.)

Cucurbit ( Cucumis pubescens and C. trigonus )

Cucurbit, wild ( Cucumis trigonus )

Gherkin, West India ( Cucumis angaria )

Gourds ( Coccinia, Cresentia, Lagenaria, Luffa, Momordica, and Trichosanthis spp.)

Gourd, angled luffa ( Luffa acutangula )

Gourd, balsam apple ( Momordica balsaminia )

Gourd, ivy ( Coccinia grandis )

Gourd, kakari ( Momordica dioica )

Gourd, serpent cucumber ( Trichosanthis anguina )

Gourd, snake ( Trichosanthis cucumeroides )

Gourd, sponge ( Luffa aegyptiaca )

Gourd, white flowered ( Lagenaria siceraria )

Melon, Chinese ( Benincasa hispida )

Melon, long ( Cucumis utilissimus )

Pumpkin ( Cucurbita pepo )

Pumpkin, Canada ( Cucurbita moschata )

Squash ( Cucurbita maxima )

Watermelon ( Citrullus lanatus = Citrullus vulgaris )

 

       3.      Soil within the dripline of the plants listed in paragraph (2) of this section or plants that are producing or have produced any article listed in paragraph (1) of this section.

       4.      Any other product, article, or means of conveyance not listed in paragraphs (1), (2), or (3) of this section that an inspector determines presents a risk of spreading fruit flies, when the inspector notifies the person in possession of the product, article, or means of conveyance that it is subject to the restrictions of this subpart.

D.        Restrictions on interstate movement of regulated articles.

1.   No person may move interstate from any quarantined area any regulated article except in accordance with this subpart.1

 

1 Permit and other requirements for the interstate movement of any of the fruit flies regulated under this subpart are contained in 7 CFR 330.

 

2.   Section 414 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7714) provides that the Secretary of Agriculture may, under certain conditions, hold, seize, quarantine, treat, apply other remedial measures to, destroy, or otherwise dispose of any plant, plant pest, plant product, article, or means of conveyance that is moving, or has moved into or through the United States or interstate if the Secretary has reason to believe the article is a plant pest or is infested with a plant pest at the time of movement.

 

E.     Conditions governing the interstate movement of regulated articles from quarantined areas.

Any regulated article may be moved interstate from a quarantined area only if moved under the following conditions:

1.     With a certificate or limited permit issued and attached;

2.     Without a certificate or limited permit if:

a.     The regulated article originated outside the quarantined area and is either moved in an enclosed vehicle or is completely enclosed by a covering adequate to prevent access by fruit flies (such as canvas, plastic, or other closely woven cloth) while moving through the quarantined area; and

b.     The point of origin of the regulated article is indicated on the waybill, and the enclosed vehicle or the enclosure that contains the regulated article is not opened, unpacked, or unloaded in the quarantined area; and

c.     The regulated article is moved through the quarantined area without stopping except for refueling or for traffic conditions, such as traffic lights or stop signs.

3.     Without a certificate or limited permit if the regulated article is moved:

a.         By the United States Department of Agriculture for experimental or scientific purposes;

b.         Pursuant to a permit issued by the Administrator for the regulated article;

c.         Under conditions specified on the permit and found by the Administrator to be adequate to prevent the spread of fruit flies; and

d.         With a tag or label bearing the number of the permit issued for the regulated article attached to the outside of the container of the regulated article or attached to the regulated article itself if not in a container.

F.     Issuance and cancellation of certificates and limited permits.

1. A certificate may be issued by an inspector for the interstate movement of a regulated article if the inspector determines that:

a.     The regulated article has been treated under the direction of an inspector in accordance with §301.32–10; or

  Based on inspection of the premises of origin, the premises are free from fruit flies; or

  Based on inspection of the regulated article, the regulated article is free of fruit flies; and

b.     The regulated article will be moved through the quarantined area in an enclosed vehicle or will be completely enclosed by a covering adequate to prevent access by fruit flies; and

c.     The regulated article is to be moved in compliance with any additional emergency conditions the Administrator may impose under section 414 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7714) to prevent the spread of fruit flies; and

d.     The regulated article is eligible for unrestricted movement under all other Federal domestic plant quarantines and regulations applicable to the regulated article.

2.     An inspector will issue a limited permit for the interstate movement of a regulated article if the inspector determines that:

a.     The regulated article is to be moved interstate to a specified destination for specified handling, processing, or utilization (the destination and other conditions to be listed in the limited permit), and this interstate movement will not result in the spread of fruit flies because life stages of the fruit flies will be destroyed by the specified handling, processing, or utilization;

b.     The regulated article is to be moved in compliance with any additional emergency conditions the Administrator may impose under section 414 of the Plant Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 7714) to prevent the spread of fruit flies; and

c.     The regulated article is eligible for interstate movement under all other Federal domestic plant quarantines and regulations applicable to the regulated article.

3.     Certificates and limited permits for the interstate movement of regulated articles may be issued by an inspector or person operating under a compliance agreement. A person operating under a compliance agreement may issue a certificate for the interstate movement of a regulated article if an inspector has determined that the regulated article is eligible for a certificate in accordance with paragraph (1) of this section. A person operating under a compliance agreement may issue a limited permit for interstate movement of a regulated article when an inspector has determined that the regulated article is eligible for a limited permit in accordance with paragraph (2) of this section.

4.     Any certificate or limited permit that has been issued may be withdrawn, either orally or in writing, by an inspector if he or she determines that the holder of the certificate or limited permit has not complied with all conditions in this subpart for the use of the certificate or limited permit. If the withdrawal is oral, the withdrawal and the reasons for the withdrawal will be confirmed in writing as promptly as circumstances allow. Any person whose certificate or limited permit has been withdrawn may appeal the decision in writing to the Administrator within 10 days after receiving the written notification of the withdrawal. The appeal must state all of the facts and reasons upon which the person relies to show that the certificate or limited permit was wrongfully withdrawn. As promptly as circumstances allow, the Administrator will grant or deny the appeal, in writing, stating the reasons for the decision. A hearing will be held to resolve any conflict as to any material fact. Rules of practice concerning a hearing will be adopted by the Administrator.

G.    Compliance agreements and cancellation.

1.     Any person engaged in growing, handling, or moving regulated articles may enter into a compliance agreement when an inspector determines that the person is aware of this subpart, agrees to comply with its provisions, and agrees to comply with all the provisions contained in the compliance agreement.5

            5 Compliance agreement forms are available without charge from the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Emergency and Domestic Programs, 4700 River Road Unit 134, Riverdale, MD 20737–1236, and from local PPQ offices, which are listed in telephone directories.

a.     Any compliance agreement may be canceled, either orally or in writing, by an inspector whenever the inspector finds that the person who has entered into the compliance agreement has failed to comply with any of the conditions of this subpart or with any of the provisions of the compliance agreement. If the cancellation is oral, the cancellation and the reasons for the cancellation will be confirmed in writing as promptly as circumstances allow. Any person whose compliance agreement has been canceled may appeal the decision, in writing, within 10 days after receiving written notification of the cancellation. The appeal must state all of the facts and reasons upon which the person relies to show that the compliance agreement was wrongfully canceled. As promptly as circumstances allow, the Administrator will grant or deny the appeal, in writing, stating the reasons for the decision. A hearing will be held to resolve any conflict as to any material fact. Rules of practice concerning a hearing will be adopted by the Administrator.

H.    Assembly and inspection of regulated articles.

1. Any person, other than a person authorized to issue certificates or limited permits under 7CFR 301.32–5(c), who desires to move a regulated article interstate accompanied by a certificate or limited permit must notify an inspector as far in advance of the desired interstate movement as possible, but no less than 48 hours before the desired interstate movement.

2. The regulated article must be assembled at the place and in the manner the inspector designates as necessary to comply with this subpart.

I.Attachment and disposition of certificates and limited permits.

1. A certificate or limited permit required for the interstate movement of a regulated article must, at all times during the interstate movement, be:

a.     Attached to the outside of the container containing the regulated article; or

b.     Attached to the regulated article itself if not in a container; or

c.     Attached to the consignee's copy of the accompanying waybill: Provided, however, that if the certificate or limited permit is attached to the consignee's copy of the waybill, the regulated article must be sufficiently described on the certificate or limited permit and on the waybill to identify the regulated article.

2. The certificate or limited permit for the interstate movement of a regulated article must be furnished by the carrier to the consignee listed on the certificate or limited permit upon arrival at the location provided on the certificate or limited permit.

J.     Treatments.

1. Refer to the full text of 7CFR 301.98-10 for treatment options.  Treatment schedules listed in 7 CFR 305 to destroy fruit flies are authorized for use on regulated articles.  The following treatments also may be used for the regulated articles indicated:

a.     Soil within the dripline of plants that are producing or have produced regulated articles listed 7 CFR 301.32(a) or (b). The following soil treatments may be used: Apply diazinon at the rate of 5 pounds active ingredient per acre to the soil within the dripline with sufficient water to wet the soil to at least a depth of 0.5 inch. Both immersion and pour-on treatment procedures are also acceptable.

a.     Premises . Fields, groves, or areas that are located within a quarantined area but outside the infested core area and that produce regulated articles may receive regular treatments with either malathion or spinosad bait spray as an alternative to treating fruits and vegetables as provided in 7 CFR 305. These treatments must take place at 6- to 10-day intervals, starting a sufficient time before harvest (but not less than 30 days before harvest) to allow for development of fruit fly egg and larvae. Determination of the time period must be based on the day degrees model for the specific fruit fly. Once treatment has begun, it must continue through the harvest period. The malathion bait spray treatment must be applied by aircraft or ground equipment at a rate of 2.4 oz of technical grade malathion and 9.6 oz of protein hydrolysate per acre. The spinosad bait spray treatment must be applied by aircraft or ground equipment at a rate of 0.01 oz of a USDA-approved spinosad formulation and 48 oz of protein hydrolysate per acre. For ground applications, the mixture may be diluted with water to improve coverage.